The UFO Iconoclast(s)

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

ROSWELL DEBRIS CONFIRMED AS EXTRATERRESTRIAL: Lab Located, Scientists Named by Anthony Bragalia


Newly discovered documents reveal that in the months immediately following the purported 1947 UFO crash at Roswell, secret government studies began on a material that was previously unknown to science. The "memory metal" that was studied precisely matches some of the debris material reported by several witnesses to the crash. Evidence shows that -under military direction- these unique metal studies were undertaken by a contracted laboratory that possessed advanced technical capabilities that the U.S. government itself did not have at the time. A former high-level scientist employed by the involved laboratory has offered a confession that he was tasked to study the crashed UFO material. Information provided by two U.S. Air Force Generals also offers direct support for this discovery.

The documents suggest that after the crash, the US government attempted to develop a unique material that is today referred to as memory metal. This shape-recovery alloy was reported by several witnesses to the Roswell crash in the summer of 1947. The lightweight "morphing" material was able to be crumpled or deformed and then return itself instantly and seamlessly to its original state. The metallurgical discoveries that resulted from these studies were then "seeded" for further technology development to other government agencies (including NASA) and through a series of military contracts to universities and industry.

The laboratory contracted by Wright Patterson Air Force Base to perform these studies was Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, OH. It has been credibly reported that Wright Patterson Air Force Base was the very base where the Roswell UFO debris was flown after the crash.





Recently obtained documents reveal that these studies for Wright Patterson were conducted at Battelle under the direction of Dr. Howard C. Cross. In the late 1940's, H.C Cross was Battelle's expert scientist in exotic metallurgy and Titanium alloy research.

Curiously –although he was a research metallurgist- Cross was also Battelle’s "point person" in later studies on UFOs that Battelle conducted in the early 1950's for the U.S. Air Force's official UFO study, Project Bluebook. Cross is likely an author of Project Bluebook's still-missing Report Number 13. He is also the author of a strange letter from Battelle to Wright Patterson known as "The Pentacle" memo. Dr. Cross' historic role will be detailed in a forthcoming article.

Founded in 1929, Battelle is engaged in research, development and commercialization of technological innovation. They specialize in materials science and engineering, life sciences, energy science and national security. Battelle contract operates many of our country's National Laboratories. This includes some of the U.S.'s most sensitive installations such as Oak Ridge, Lawrence Livermore and Brookhaven laboratories. Battelle is headquartered in proximity to Wright Patterson- and remains one of the nation's leading defense contractors. Their metallurgical capabilities and technical talent continue to be recognized as world-class.

The full story of the Roswell-Battelle connection is related in the newly published sequel book "Witness to Roswell" (Revised and Expanded Edition, 2009) by Tom Carey and Don Schmitt in chapter contributions made by this author. Scientific citations, references and report images are also included in this updated edition.




The direct connection between the Roswell debris and the Battelle studies is revealed in a material known as Nitinol.

Nitinol is a specially processed combination of Nickel and Titanium, or NiTi. It displays many of the very same properties and physical characteristics as some of the crash debris materials that was reported at Roswell. Both are memory metals that "remember" their original shape and both are extremely lightweight. The materials are reported to have similar color, possess a high fatigue strength and are able to withstand extreme high heat.

Today Nitinol is incorporated in items as far-ranging as medical implants and bendable eyeglass frames. It is produced in many forms including sheet, wire and coil. Newer "intelligent metal" systems are being studied by NASA in the creation of bendable or flappable wings, as self-actuators and as a "self-healing" outer hull "skin" for spacecraft. It is believed that the memory metal found at Roswell came from the outer structures of a downed extraterrestrial spacecraft.

The earliest known combination of Titanium and Nickel reported in the scientific literature was in 1939 by two Europeans. However, this crude sample was a "by-product" of research entirely unrelated to the study of Nitinol. Its "memory metal" potential was not sought or noted. The scientists would have been unable to purify Titanium to sufficient levels at that time-and they would not have known about the energy requirement needed to create the "morphing" effect.

The next time that we see the unique combination of Titanium and Nickel emerge in science is by military scientists associated with Naval Intelligence at the US. Naval Ordnance Lab. It was there that Nitinol was "officially" created in the early 1960s. But Nitinol's "official" history –including the date and reasons for discovery- is conflicting. More on this murky history will be detailed in a future article. Recently gained information suggests that it was in fact Battelle's metallurgist and UFO researcher Dr. Howard Cross who "fed" the US Navy information (including the “phase diagram” and details on Titanium processing) that is required to create Nitinol.

Research by this author has confirmed that Nitinol studies actually began at Battelle immediately after the Roswell crash -and not in the early 1960s. And it was Wright Patterson (the base where the crash material was flown) that contracted this secret work.

This confirmation is given in a brief footnote found in a study by one of Nitinol's "official" inventors at the U.S. Naval Lab. In that military report on Nitinol, the author footnotes a 1949 Battelle study which clearly pertains to the refinement of Titanium and Nickel. The citation relates to a "phase diagram" that examines states of matter and how the two metals could be successfully alloyed. If processed in the right way, the result is Nitinol memory metal. It is possible that the “official” co-inventors of Nitinol were unaware that the memory metal’s impetus was to be found in the study of the Roswell debris- or perhaps not.

Only three other references to this Titanium and Nickel memory metal report by Battelle have ever been found. In each case, they appear only as buried footnotes- and only in metals studies which were themselves conducted under U.S. military auspice. In one case this included having a "Project Monitor" present from Wright Patterson Air Force Base.
A historical analysis of the scientific literature shows that no other alloys had ever been studied by the U.S. military as a potential "memory metal" prior to this late 1940's time frame -and Battelle's Wright Patterson study contract.

Wright Patterson needed Battelle to accomplish this work. Much of the reason for this is because Battelle had something that Wright Patterson did not- an advanced arc furnace that was capable of melting and refining Titanium to the purity required to make memory metal.

The history of Titanium (which is required to make Nitinol) is itself also very revealing. We learn through review of the literature that, according to Encyclopedia Britannica: "After 1947, Titanium changed from a laboratory curiosity to an important structural metal." According to the Industrial Arts Index, the number of science abstracts published on Titanium spiked dramatically from 1946 (and prior years) as compared to abstracts on Titanium written after 1947. In Rand Corporation's 1962 abstract "The Titanium Decade" we learn that: "A far larger Titanium industry arose from the point of view of production capacity than was needed to produce the material that was actually used in aircraft. The time period of 1948-1958 involved virtually all of the costs." An astonishing $2.5 billion (in today's dollars) was spent on Titanium research by the US government in the years immediately following 1947.



The Battelle memory metal report is titled "Second Progress Report on Contract AF33 (038)-3736" and was completed for Wright Patterson Air Force Base in 1949. It is authored by C.M. Craighead, F. Fawn and L.W. Eastwood. It appears to be part of a series of such contracts conducted through the early 1950s. Interestingly, the scientists who authored the report were very closely associated with Battelle's chief Titanium metallurgist (and later, Battelle's UFO researcher for Project Bluebook) Dr. Howard Cross, previously mentioned. The scientists went on to author reports on exotic metallurgy that related to such areas as "metal and superplasticity," "metal transformation," and "metal microstructures."

Based on the sections of the studies that were found that reference this Battelle report- we know that this “progress report” offers the first “phase diagram” ever produced to attempt to successfully alloy Titanium and Nickel. This would be required to make memory metal. We can also infer that it examined refinement of Titanium to high purity levels. High purity Titanium is required to create the shape-recovery effect.

No references have ever been located to something that must surely exist- Battelle's "First Progress Report" on the memory metal. While the Second Progress Report (completed in 1949) refers to techniques to process the alloy, the First Progress Report (authored in 1947 or 1948) probably relates to the actual analysis of "Roswellian" memory metal.

Although Nitinol is not identical to the Roswell debris material, it represents our best attempts at re-creation of the found memory metal. The impetus for this "shape-recovery" metallurgical research has to be the crash debris discovered at Roswell in the summer of 1947.


A year long effort was made by this author to locate Battelle's First and Second Progress Reports on memory metal. Though footnotes have been located to the reports in military sponsored studies on memory metal, access to the actual reports remains impossible.

Battelle's own Historian/Librarian was unable to locate the documents. In a later follow-up call to Battelle, Sarasota Herald Tribune reporter Billy Cox was told that Battelle is still unable to find the report and that it remains a "mystery." Likewise, Wright Patterson Air Force Base's own Archivist and Manager of its Special Collections was unable to locate the documents. Both librarians from each organization worked together to find them. They are baffled and suggest that it may mean that the reports were destroyed (though there is no record of this) or that they may remain highly classified.

The U.S. DOD's Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is the master repository of our nation's military-sponsored technical reports and studies. Their database also fails to locate the Battelle reports. Finally, with the guidance of reporter Billy Cox, a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Secretary of the Air Force/WPAFB was filed by this author. Information has yet to be provided that is responsive to this request.

It is hoped that the Second Progress Report will one day be located. This is because if it does contain "phase diagrams" for the alloying of Nickel and Titanium- it will confirm the work on memory metal. It would strongly suggest that shape-recovery alloys were precisely what Battelle was attempting to create for the military in the time period directly after the Roswell crash. The likelihood that the First Progress Report by Battelle on memory metal will ever be found is even more remote.


In an interview conducted in the 1990's, former Wright-Patterson Air Force Base Brigadier General Arthur Exon confirmed the existence of the Roswell metal reports. Exon, the Base Commander of Wright Patterson in the 1960s, related that he was privy to some of the details on the composition of the crash debris and the variety of tests that were performed on it. Astonishingly, Exon stated of the debris: "It was Titanium and some other metal they knew about, and the processing was somehow different." Of course, special "processing" of Titanium and the “other metal” that “they knew about” (Nickel) is required to create Nitinol.

Exon added tellingly, "And it wouldn't surprise me if the material wasn't still around, certainly the reports are." Exon was likely referring to the Battelle Progress Reports on memory metal done for Wright Patterson in the late 1940's.

General Arthur Exon:


Air Force General George Schulgen (who led Intelligence at the Pentagon at the time of the Roswell incident) authored a previously-marked “secret” draft memo on the flying saucer issue on October 30, 1947- about four months after the crash.

In the verified version of this memo is found a section entitled "Items of Construction." Schulgen instructs his officers to be aware of flying objects and their materials of construction. He specifically notes the "unusual fabrication methods to achieve extreme lightweight" and that the material is of a "composite construction...using various combinations of metals."

Schulgen is describing precisely some of the very characteristics of Nitinol. Just like the Roswell debris material, it is an "extreme lightweight" intermetallic alloy. As a novel "composite construction," it is created by an "unusual fabrication" method that "uses a combination of metals"- perhaps like Titanium and Nickel.

General Shulgen’s 1947 Memo:


U.S. Pentagon 1947:



Battelle scientist Elroy John Center has stated that he analyzed metal from a crashed UFO when he was employed by the Institute. Center was a Senior Research Chemist who worked for Battelle for nearly two decades, from 1939 to 1957. This has been confirmed by both his University of Michigan alumni files and by the location of scientific papers that he authored during his employment while at Battelle.

A graduate Chemical Engineer, Center authored papers that appeared in highly technical journals. His areas of research included the chemical testing of metals; the microdetermination of metals in alloys; and the spectroscopic analysis of unique materials. Center was likely involved in early analysis of the Roswell debris. A groundbreaking metals analysis technique that Center developed has been found cited in studies related to the “polygraphic determination of Titanium” in alloys. Specially-selected Titanium is required to create the Roswell-like "memory metal" Nitinol.

Center's family members confirm that he had an intense interest in UFOs and the extraterrestrial. In May of 1992, noted historical researcher Dr. Irena Scott of Columbus, OH (herself a former Battelle scientist) interviewed a close professional associate of Elroy Center. Elroy had privately related to him in June of 1960 that while he was employed at Battelle he had been involved in a very strange laboratory project. Center said that earlier he had been tasked by his superiors to assist on a highly-classified Battelle study that was contracted by the government. He said that the project involved work on a very unusual material. Center understood that this debris material was retrieved by the US government from the earlier crash of a UFO. Center referred to the item he studied as a "piece." He explained that this "piece" was not something with which anyone was familiar. He also said that the debris had been inscribed with strange symbols that he called "glyphics." Similar markings have of course been reported by some of the witnesses to the Roswell crash debris. Center stopped short of providing any further details. The Battelle scientist passed away in 1991.


Forthcoming details on the Battelle-Roswell Connection will document:

- Battelle metallurgist Dr. Howard Cross' other secret studies on UFO sightings and UFO debris

- The identities of Battelle's Wright Patterson "paymasters"

- Bizarre "mental influence" tests conducted on Nitinol by the US military and NASA using purported psychics to "morph" the material with “mind energy”

- Why “morphing” may be the key to the UFO mystery

- How today's research on "intelligent metals" and "adaptable metals" is guided by NASA, the US military and Battelle



The Battelle-Roswell Connection is fast becoming established. Its implications are profound. In 1947 a spacecraft not of earth - whose materials of construction were unknown to science- fell from the sky to forever change history.


  • Thank you for the post.

    This info has been Twittered at
    and shared with 750+ die-hard Twitter UFO enthusiasts galaxy-wide. We track the latest in UFO/Alien Affairs News, Views, Pix and Vids 24/7.

    By Blogger IQXS, at Tuesday, May 26, 2009  

  • The article begins with "Newly discovered documents reveal...." . Later we read of "recently obtained documents reveal..."

    Then we learn that the two said documents do not exist (or at least no copies are known and none can be located). If this is so, how does anyone know what they 'reveal'?

    Do we even know the name of the document, and its author, where one of the two alleged missing reports is referenced, presumably in a footnote?
    And does the aforementioned document itself make any reference to a crashed UFO or Roswell?

    By Blogger cda, at Tuesday, May 26, 2009  

  • To UFO believers:

    People looking into space for advanced civilisations have looked in the wrong direction because our universe is a simulation created by an advanced civilisation. UFO's are just part of the virtual reality we live in. This probably explains why there is no evidence of extraterrestrials contacting us, even though there were many UFO sightings in recent years. At least 150,000 UFO sightings have been documented over the last 60 years, and the total number of UFO sightings is estimated to be in the millions.

    Recent fundamental scientific findings indicate that the universe is a hologram (see also: Our world may be a giant hologram). The universe may therefore be an imaginary construction. This was already predicted by the University of London physicist David Bohm (see also: The universe as a hologram). That our universe is holographic can also be derived from the structure of matter. Atoms are empty and on average only 0.000000000003% of an atom consists of protons and electrons. Also there is space between atoms, so there is practically nothing there.

    Someone has written history as a script and the evidence is there. On the Internet there are speculations (including hoaxes) about the number 11 being behind the September 11, 2001 attacks on the US and the March 11, 2004 Madrid bombings. First of all 9+1+1=11. Also there are 911 fully completed days (912 calendar days) between the September 11, 2001 and March 11, 2004 attacks. Because of the different time zones the EU and the US are in, the 912th day was not fully completed. The extra calendar day made the Madrid bombing happening at the 11th day of the month, exactly 2.5 years after September 11, 2001. If history was designed, this may have been a design consideration. 911 is also the US emergency services telephone number. The terrorists used flights 11 and 77 for their attack, both being a multiple of 11.

    The Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, which can be written as 11/9. Therefore the most important historic events in recent history were on 11/9 and 9/11. On September 11, 1989 thousands of East Germans started to cross the Austrian-Hungarian border to emigrate to West Germany. This set in motion the events that lead to the fall of the Berlin Wall two months later. This date also being September 11, is further indication of a design behind history.

    There are also exactly 911 days between the two recent political killings in the Netherlands. On may 6, 2002 the Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn was assassinated by an animal rights activist and on November 2, 2004 the Dutch film producer Theo van Gogh was killed by an Islamic fanatic. May 6 can be rewritten as 5/6, while 5+6=11. November 2 can be rewritten as 11/2, while 112 is the European emergency services telephone number. Also the numbers 112 and 911 make a combination of three 11's: 11 2+9 11 = 11 11 11.

    Conclusion: our universe is a phantasy (and therefore probably created) and our history is a script (and therefore probably written by someone).

    By Blogger Bart klein Ikink, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • Lithium, stat.

    By Blogger Jum, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • Methinks we have strayed from the topic a wee bit.

    By Blogger cda, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • Thank you. What an interesting article. I appreciate your efforts very much!

    By Blogger aquawoman, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • This is UFO "science" at its most hilarious!

    So the claim is that a document that has not been seen "probably" confirms all the saucer stuff that the enthusiasts just KNOW is true!

    And in UFO parlance, a document that you wish was real is "CONFIRMED"!

    And you say somehow Don Schmitt is involved, too! Wow! You are smack in the middle of the road to credibility.

    Well, now that Roswell is PROVED, what will be the next case?

    It is literally like shooting fish in a barrel.


    By Blogger Lance, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • How MANY times have we read something like, "At last, REVEALED, proof positive that UFOs exist!" Only to be told at the end of the article that the actual proof, whatever it happened to be, was lost, misplaced, burned, buried in some secret location or dissolved, BUT there is a witness or two that swears he/she/it saw it. C'mon, folks... it gets really old. I KNOW there's something out there, I saw one fly over my head, but I'm sure not going to spend my hard earned dollars buying another inconclusive book based on nothing but hearsay and conjecture.

    By Blogger Lyle, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • @ Lance
    "It is literally like shooting fish in a barrel."
    Perhaps you meant "virtually"
    "literally" means that you are, in actual fact, shooting fish in a barrel. . . .For real!
    You should stop that. Now.

    On the topic at hand - this is an interesting development and I look forward to learning more from the future updates!

    By Blogger David Stewart, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • The photo you have with the caption of "Battelle Memorial Institute" is actually a photo of downtown Columbus Ohio looking east. Battelle's main campus is adjacent to Ohio State University and is a few miles north of downtown.

    Also, I'm interested in any references to research that may have been done on Dr. Cross. Does he have living family members, descendants, professional or private colleagues, etc and if so, were they ever contacted and interviewed?

    By Blogger Spacedman, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • We need a lot more details on the nature of the two alleged documents. So far we have merely a footnote in another document (whose title is unknown) which references ONE of the two missing papers. This footnoted paper has the title "Second Progress Report on Contract AF33(038)-3376". The assumption is then that a first report was written in 1947 or 1948. Why? Presumably because Roswell occurred in July 1947. But if, say, the first paper was written before 1947 it would destroy Tony Bragalia's argument about Battelle. Therefore he makes the totally unjustified assumption that the first report postdates Roswell.

    From his article so far, it is impossible to say when either the first report or the second was written at all. Also, there is no way of knowing the subject matter of either report. What was contract AF33(038)-3376? And why should we assume it had anything to do with Roswell or UFOs? And why no trace of these reports now?

    It is all so infuriating, as usual. We are left with more and more unanswered questions. We can only hope Tony reveals something more substantial next time, but I do have my doubts - serious doubts. In the meantime we can be sure that journalists like Billy Cox will continue to plug the story.

    Tony can start by giving us the name of the document (plus author) that references the alleged 1949 "Second Progress Report etc..."

    By Blogger cda, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • Ummm, hologram?? I think someone has watched The Matrix a few thousand times too many. Unfortunately most of the credible information we need to verify the happenings of 60 + years ago has been classified, compartmentalized, and buried so many times it's difficult to determine what is and what is not real. A dummy cover story for this that and the other thing mixed with a sprinkle of truth makes it nearly impossible to recover the much needed data. I do know this though, my father will sometimes play 20 questions, but only to a point. After 30 years with MITRE and spending time at W.P. AFB among others he had to to sign some of the most intense nondisclosure agreements of his life, and says that what he saw wasn't made by the U.S. or the Russians. Personally, I can't think of any country besides those 2 capable of crafting something so advanced during the Cold War. It makes me a believer.

    By Blogger Michael, at Wednesday, May 27, 2009  

  • I absolutely believe that the UFO phenomenon is real and that we are being prepped for an "UFOs landing on the White House lawn" event in the not too distant future (i.e. our lifetimes). I spent many years anticipating Contact, since I was a little girl and UFOs were still taboo.

    After reading everything I could get my hands on about the UFO phenomenon, I was still unsure of what to do with Jesus (Who made fantastic claims). Was He one of these beings? I ultimately concluded that aliens are just as fallen as us (abducting us for their own purposes, mutilating cows for their own purposes and damaging farmers' crops in the course of their PR campaign). For a long time, I couldn't conceive of Jesus being God (or of the existence of such an immense Being), but it was easy to see that He was morally above reproach, while aliens certainly are not. They behave like a typical cabal, with similar selfish motives, no matter how they claim to have our interests in mind.

    It is my perspective (after much research, thought and prayer) that UFOs are a front for the fallen angels that have been warring against God since the Fall. If the devil of hell appeared with a bifurcated tale and a pitchfork and tried to convince you to follow him so you could burn in hell, would you follow? Of course not! Who would? Instead, he and his cronies will pretend to be simply more "evolved" beings who want to help us reach our godlike potential and avoid destroying our planet.

    It is my theory (and that of UFO-savy other Christians) that after the rapture of the Church, UFOs will reveal themselves to the world. They will take credit for the disappearances and say that all the simple-minded Christians were removed because they are interfering with our planet moving to a higher level, yada, yada, yada... Don't miss the boat: If you can't conceive of Jesus really being the Son of God now, reconsider when all of this comes to pass.

    What does all this have to do with the price of tea in China? If the UFO phenomenon is indeed spiritual rather than merely technological in origin, these fallen angels do not necessarily even need technology, but are using their superior (but not infinite) knowledge and technology primarily to lure us into following them. It reminds me of a scene in a certain garden in which Adam and Eve were seduced by the idea of becoming like God, knowing good and evil...

    I don't have any definite first-hand experience of any of the above, other than knowing that both God and the devil are real. I don't know for sure how the devil will pull off his Great Deception, but I strongly feel that it will involve the use of UFOs, Ascended Masters and all that baloney.

    By Blogger acsecnarfsiemanym, at Thursday, May 28, 2009  

  • A few thoughts come to mind, which makes this a very weak missing link,and certainly, not a smoking gun, although I withhold any final thoughts until the full evidence appears.... Well, there are no avionics or airframe uses (that I am aware of) for Nitinol as its uses (due to its bio-compatibility) are mostly in the biomedical device field.Its also used in less exotic under wire bras, etc. It is also used in spoon bending tricks. Memory metal research dates to 1932. Documents that are missing are by definition,not documents.This sounds like a straw dog found along a winding road. But, never ever say never.

    By Blogger Bruce Duensing, at Thursday, May 28, 2009  

  • Good god man. Grow up. What happens when you find the big bad hidden Flying Saucer? Santa next on the list? Gez, get a real job ya bludger. This dead horse is down for the count.

    By Blogger Psyche101, at Thursday, May 28, 2009  

  • I think the comments have been overly harsh.

    While there are too many unconfirmed and missing pieces/people at this point to go all "world-view changing" yet, I think its interesting and has potential, and I look forward to future information.

    However I do hope that if this leads turns out to be a dead end, that the author will keep us up to date regardless.

    Nothing worse than stories with no follow up.

    By Blogger Gareth, at Friday, May 29, 2009  

  • I agree with Gareth, the comments have ranged from overly hostile to a mishmash of new-age nonsense and other garbage. There's a lot of interesting information in this article, and while we don't have the definitive smoking-gun document, there are plenty of leads coming to the conclusion that it does exist, which I believe was the entire point of this article. Yes, keep up the good work, and I hope for a follow up shortly.

    By Blogger armakan01, at Friday, May 29, 2009  

  • Yeah, I'd like to think it's real UFOs, but first the documents are "discovered," then they're lost? Like how I discovered, then lost, a document that says I have twenty pounds of gold coins waiting for me at a bank?


    By Blogger Elisha Arctorus, at Friday, May 29, 2009  

  • LOL! You guys sure do heap it on.

    By Blogger Loki, at Monday, June 01, 2009  

  • FYI:
    The state director for the state of Ohio MUFON group is listed as
    William E. Jones. His e-mail on the site is

    Interesting coincidence.

    By Blogger Vangaurd, at Saturday, October 10, 2009  

  • Damn great post....very informative

    By Blogger Bizong, at Monday, March 22, 2010  

  • FYI: William E. Jones has changed his e-mail from Battelle to roadrunner.

    By Blogger Vangaurd, at Wednesday, April 06, 2011  

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