UFO Conjecture(s)

Friday, January 21, 2011

Memory Metal (Nitinol, et cetera)


To supplement the Nitinol discussion here, sparked by Anthony Bragalia and Nick Redfern, we're providing two papers in PDF form, about memory metal, and Nitinol in particular.

If you want to discuss the matter intelligently, we sugegst you take a look at the Navy paper from 1981(!) and the Oral history of Nitinol paper from 2006, here:

Navy

Oral History

12 Comments:

  • From Time magazine Sep. 13, 1968:

    "Like many scientists before him, Metallurgist William Buehler was blessed with serendipity, the gift of finding something valuable without actually looking for it. Assigned by the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in Maryland to find a nonmagnetic and noncorroding material for tools that could be safely used in dismantling magnetic mines, he finally hit upon 55-Nitinol, a nickel-titanium alloy."

    http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,838687,00.html

    Hmmmmm . . . .

    By Blogger Frank Stalter, at Friday, January 21, 2011  

  • this matches the time period given in the index of docs...1968.

    Why is 1968 given for the earliest refernces of NITINOL materials?

    By Blogger Bob Koford, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • I think, Bob, and this is purely a guess on my part, that that's when the first patents were taken out for Nitinol as a dental construct.

    Someone was trying to capitalize on the "metal" which had nothing to do with Roswell or ETs or anything remotely related.

    The Naval experiments are coincidental -- no pun on the dental part of coincidental by the way.

    Maybe Anthony Bragalia can enlighten us specifically.

    RR

    By Blogger RRRGroup, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • As readers know, I actually contacted the co-inventor of Nitinol (w/ William Buehler. Dr. Fred Wang worked w/ Buehler closely in the optimization of Nitinol.

    Dr. Wang was unable to give me a year for its "discovery." He offered a strange laugh and said "I really am not sure." For someone who holds patents on this, it is hard to imagine he could not pin it down by even a couple of years.

    Wang also did not wish to discuss the matter any further once I mentioned Battelle and their NiTi Phase Diagram that was given him. He did not want to tell me who gave him the Phase Diagram (co-authored by Battelle scientist Elroy Center, who confessed to ET debris analysis)other than saying "a superior gave it to me."

    When I mentioned to him that Nitinol seems to have impetus in the reported Roswell crash and its memory metal, he said, "I am not going to discuss that." When asked if the Roswell crash or its association with Shape-Memory Alloys (SMAs) he repeated his statement. I asked him if he knew what "Roswell" was...and he -for a third time- said he would not discuss it. He did not say he did not know what I was talking about, or that the idea was ridiculous. Just "no comment." It is now known that Dr. Fred Wang was not merely a metallurgist. He had deep ties to Naval Intelligence. He was a "spook scientist."

    When he was asked about tests that he and his co-worker Eldon Byrd conducted on morphing Nitinol with a psychic's mental influence, he said he was "not going to discuss that" and when pressed, "Byrd says a lot of things."

    I told Wang that when you Google for the year of discovery of Nitinol, you come up with matches that reference 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962 or 1963. He said "I don't know." (try googling keyword Nitinol + any of those years.)

    We are given 3 different reasons on why Nitinol was being investigated in the first place, as related in my article series. Buehler said that he was conducting studies on intermetallic alloys for use in re-entry aeronautical nose cones. But a 1968 TIME magazine article quotes him that they were trying to find a non-magnetic, non-corrosive material for use as a tool in mine dismantling. Still other accounts offer is was being created for new submarine ship hull material.

    And the "serendipity" story is very clouded as well. The story of someone at a Naval technology meeting named David Muzzey taking a lighter or match to the Nitinol (for some reason) and seeing that it morphed is one story. Another is that researcher RCW Wiley at the Navy had placed a Nickel-Titanium alloy into a hardness testing machine and a dent was made. Wiley then decided to warm up the block to see the effect of heat treatment and noted the memory effect.

    There is of course a huge problem with these accounts. Nitinol is not simply an amalgam of Nickel and Titanium. The metals must be purified to levels that are difficult to imagine. Such ultra-high purity is required or the alloy will not morph. There is no evidence that the Ti or Ni being used by any of the scientists had been previously prepared for such extreme levels of purification. Such a process is not used for simple aeronautical or naval defense metals. This is very telling. There is no mention that the metals had been taken into an arc furnace, melted, analyzed for impurities (including oxygen) and then filtered and refined so that all adulterant is removed to achieve near 100% purity. It is a very long, costly and difficult process. Not doing it means no Nitinol.

    Note Buehler's sentiment about the metal in one of his recountings of the alloy: When he struck it, "It rang out brilliantly." and he states: "the equiatomic Nick Titanium was acoustically signaling that it was unusual or unique." He sounds almost metaphysical in his description! Buehler also mentions that NASA gave the work on this to Battelle for "further characterization studies." mmmm...

    AJB

    By Blogger Anthony, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • If Tony Bragalia thinks Dr Wang is deliberately evading the subject of Roswell, he should first consider whether it is simply that Wang will not discuss matters that have no relevance.

    If I were to approach a scientist or metallurgist and ask him about an unusual metal and whether it was connected to the reported crash of a flying saucer 60 years ago, what would you expect him to say? He would, with good reason, regard me as a 'nutball' and say nothing further.

    I suggest, if Tony is so convinced about the true origins of Nitinol, that he adds something to this effect in its Wikipedia entry, complete with references to the papers he cited some time ago, and to the Battelle Institute.

    He is perfectly free to do so, as anyone can write in Wikipedia.

    How about it, Tony? I shall look in Wikipedia in a few weeks and see.

    By Blogger cda, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • CDA-

    I am not a "nutball" - nor did I in any way come across as such with Dr. Wang. The conversation was professional and I was articulate. Again, CDA, I do such telephone contact in my consulting practice everyday- often with the executive management of well-known organizations throughout the U.S.

    I indicated to Wang that I was conducting some "independent research on the history of materials science and engineering." I then led into his contributions to the study of Shape Memory Alloy. We chatted that up some - and he was very responsive. Up to then he was pleasant, even flattered.

    It is specifically when I inquired of him about his use of Center et al's Battelle Phase Diagram from the late 1940s that he got "weird" on me.

    I did not in any way indicate to Wang that I had any preconceptions about Roswell. I simply said that some have said that "the material found at the supposed crash of a UFO at Roswell reminded them of some of the properties of Nitinol."

    This is when he became stone cold. Memory metal was indeed reported at Roswell, I was simply stating what some believe. I did not say that I believe it, nor did I even make the whole issue "a big thing"...It was offered in way that came off as a very "off-handed" comment. Trust me, I could smell the silence and concern...

    In terms of adding to Wiki, its not needed. The idea of "memory metal" at Roswell and its connection to today's Shape Memory Alloys is well known in the digital world. Simply Google keywords: "Memory Metal" + Roswell. My articles appear as matches on hundreds of sites worldwide. Google: Battelle + Nitinol for hundreds (if not thousands) of similar search results.

    The truth is getting out there...

    AJB

    By Blogger Anthony, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • AJB
    You wrote:

    "I did not in any way indicate to Wang that I had any preconceptions about Roswell. I simply said that some have said that "the material found at the supposed crash of a UFO at Roswell reminded them of some of the properties of Nitinol."

    As soon as you even mention the name 'Roswell' you will strike a chord. Dr Wang will naturally suspect you (or anyone else who phoned him) of being either a Roswell ETHer or a pro-ET UFO researcher.

    It is exactly what I would expect were I to phone him. He will realise I had an ulterior motive in contacting him - i.e. I wanted to pump him on the Roswell-Nitinol connection, whereas he previously never had any such ideas and considered it dotty as soon as I even mentioned the word 'Roswell'.

    In other words, he was not covering up anything (never mind him being a 'spook scientist'), just evading a topic he regarded as pseudo-science, 'over-the-top' and not worth further discussion.

    It is up to you to prove Wang, and maybe others, are covering up something important like ETs. Calling him a 'spook scientist' won't help you one iota.

    By Blogger cda, at Saturday, January 22, 2011  

  • Dear Tony,

    In a previous article, you pointed the experiences using Uri Geller and Nitinol.

    Just a question: Do you think Uri Geller have real "psi faculties"?

    In fact, I readed again today Eldon Byrd paper concerning this experiment made in the laboratory at the Isis Center. I'm very dubitative because it smells the standard tricks well known in illusionism.

    In France, in 1987, Uri Geller was invited in a famous TV show and presented experiments he claimed to be parapsychological and as the expression of his paranormal powers.

    The problem is that there were on TV board the famous illusionist and charlatans debunker, Gerard Majax. Majax remade the same experiences as Geller, achieving results even more surprising... except that Gerard have no problem and honnesty to claim he uses tricks.

    Our team have contact with him, and will trie to contact him in order he takes an eye on Bird's paper.

    Regards

    Gilles Fernandez

    By Blogger Gilles. F., at Sunday, January 23, 2011  

  • Hi Gilles-

    I am delighted that you asked this question and I am happy to answer it in detail.

    What I think about Uri Geller means very little. It is the US Government (including the Navy and other agencies)that had interest in testing Uri Geller for psychic potential. This is historical fact. I have done deep investigation of this and it is true: Geller was the subject of official examination for psychic potential.

    So do not try to "taint" the facts of the matter by trying to divert the issue to the controversial Geller.

    It is also historical fact that Dr. Fred Wang of the Navy was privy to -and reviewed the findings- of Byrd's investigation of Uri and Nitinol to morph the material psychokinetically. It was concluded that Geller was successful in creating a knot in the material using his some sort of energy he generated.

    Byrd is dead.

    When I mentioned the Nitinol-Mind Morph tests to Dr. Wang, he did not deny them. He simply did not want to discuss them. I pressed on with him though and said that his co-worker Eldon Byrd said that you reviewed and approved the work, to which Wang felt compelled to comment: "Byrd says a lot of things." I then said to Wang: "But your co-worker Byrd died some years ago." I heard Wang breathe a sigh of relief and he said, "Oh."

    AJB

    AJB

    By Blogger Anthony, at Sunday, January 23, 2011  

  • I think "memory metal" is an unfortunate name for the material found on the Foster Ranch. I don't know if the term came into use because of the fact of Nitinol or for some other reason.

    The Foster Ranch material appears to be metal with the properties of a fabric or textile. The one quality that suggests metal is its rigidity.

    Its fabric-like qualities are: wrinkle recovery, stretch index, and 'hand'. The only missing quality for a textile is drape performance. Another way to say it lacks drape performance is that it is rigid like metal.

    I do recommend mulling over Sally Strickland's statements about the "memory metal"

    Regards,

    Don

    By Blogger Sourcerer, at Monday, January 24, 2011  

  • What do you want to do, Don?

    Change the terminology to textile-metal or fabric-metal?

    RR

    By Blogger RRRGroup, at Monday, January 24, 2011  

  • Just pointing out the described qualities -- the things that made it unlike any known metal to those who handled it -- are qualties of fabrics or textiles.

    Regards,

    Don

    By Blogger Sourcerer, at Monday, January 24, 2011  

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